Trends in Juvenile Violence arises out of an August 1995 briefing to United States Attorney General Janet Reno on behalf of the Office of Justice Programs. The primary theme of the briefing was the extent to which rates of juvenile homicide and other violent offenses by youth are rising and can be expected to increase further in the years ahead. Recent reports of a declining rate of violent crime in cities across the country would seem to be at odds with the growing problem of youth violence. The overall drop in crime hides the grim truth. There are actually two crime trends in America--one for the young, one for the mature--which are moving in opposite directions.