QS SQ matrix 4channel Quadraphonic full logic surround circuit

 

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  I want to understand the claim of an artist and the creator by revitalizing a original sound (in Hi-Fi) as much as possible.@

 

Past step

 

1970, QS system was announced from SANSUI. I made the QS decoder in reference to QS-1 was released at that time. I copied (According to Cds and lamp)  the phase-modulation.@Unfortunately, phase modulation (rear does not sound localization) of QS-1 had a slightly unreasonable.

 

1971, SQ system was announced from CBS-Sony.

 

1976, SQ system was withdrawal.

 

1986, QS system was withdrawal. The subset remained as Dolby system.

@1989. My own professional logic Dolby decoder and the circuit. And, decoder is no continuity to front and rear. In addition, it is the system for movies only. Rear channels are for only playback of sound effects. (it is a standard not suitable for music playback)

@2003. Therefore it is QS4ch/SQ4ch decoder, the inside and the circuit to have remade. From the left an input selector (the back, decoder, three system outside 4ch input). A sound field turn. SQ/QS choice. A matrix coefficient. A previous level. Back level. A result of the audition, QS has become practical, however, SQ did not become entirely practical without separation.

2004. And it is the front of the new QS4ch/SQ4ch decoder which it remade, the backside, the inside, the connection diagram in what wanted to let you have an equalizer and the video selector built-in newly. iBy lack of the point of contact number of switches, the change of QS/SQ detects an axial turn and changes it through a relayj@However, the initial version that did not use op-amp for sound quality was much better. It is a video input selector, an audio system input selector, a matrix coefficient from the left. A sound field turn. A Quad input selector (four system outside 4ch input, QS, SQ), a mode change, a previous level. Back level.  Here, SQ without logic, it was found that even with increased precision, useless. Therefore, it was started the development of logic SQ.

 

2006. Came up with the separation improvement logic proposal of Sony SQ method. When confirmed by experimental circuit, found it to go well is. Decided to implement it from the next time.

@2007. QS4ch/SQ4ch/QS6ch logic decoder which the top and bottom considered, a decoder with logics.  The front, the inside, the connection diagram(During the modification).  From the left video input selector, stereo mode, audio system input selector, 2ch mode, decode mode, tape monitor, bypass, Quad input selector (4 system outside 4ch input, QS, SQ), sound field turn, Quad mode, SQ mixture, logic ON/OFF, Front level, upper level, Rear level, lower level.) The details.  Thus, the validity of the design logic of the QS4ch and SQ4ch could be confirmed. In addition, by logic, to withstand practical use was also found SQ4ch.

@2011. Since QS4ch/SQ4ch/QS6ch logic decoder was over-specs, it remade, QS4ch/SQ4ch logic decoder. The front, the backside, the inside, the block diagram, the connection diagram. From the left audio system input selector, stereo mode, Quad input selector (4 system outside 4ch input, QS, SQ), 2ch mode, tape monitor, SQ mixture, logic ON/OFF, Quad mode, F/R mode, Front level, Rear level.) Although no less than 60 pieces are using the dual operational amplifier, sound quality degradation is slight (if compared with sound quality degradation at the time of the A/D conversion of the digital sound source itself). However, the logic of QS6ch was needed re-examination. (Because there was a flaw in the logic processing of discontinuous space)

@2012. For comparison with the Sansui QSD-1, also with it, has produced SQ4ch logic decoder the audio band is divided into three, put the logic for each. In addition, the QS4ch system was not a problem for practical use even if there is no logic. Therefore, the QS4ch system is not put the logic. Front, behind, inside, the block diagram, the connection diagram. From left to right, decode mode, input selector, Quad mode, Front level, Rear level. Using a dual op-amp 81 pieces.  Compared with the SQ4ch logic decoder was manufactured in 2011, improvement of sound localization has been achieved.

@2015. Again, produced the SQ logic decoder that does not split the ordinary band. This time we made in the printed circuit board.  front, inside, circuit diagram. QS decoder is no logic.

@2016. The SQ decoder that was manufactured in 2015 and was expanded the QS logic. This time we made in the printed circuit board too.  front, inside that added the printed circuit board to the second floor, (Duplicate circuit was deleted) circuit diagram.

@2018. Both QS and SQ divided the band into three, and completed the QS / SQ decoder which puts the logic individually in each. This time I made it with printed circuit board.  front, inside, and, the block diagram, circuit diagram. 

 By the way, measure the frequency characteristics/separation of various decoder. As of the measurement result, the frequency characteristics of the manufacturer-made decoder, it was found that not very flat.

Supplement

The QS4ch/SQ4ch/QS6ch encoder that I produced as a machinery for adjustment, the front, the rear, the inside., the connection diagram. I made a new printed circuit board. It is a circuit.

Both the QS method and the SQ method were designed so that the center left side sound and the center right side sound properly generate the encode signal. i6 channel main amp and the connection diagram which are connected to this decoder for your informationj

 

Furthermore, I tried to make it with a printed circuit board again. That circuit.  I also added the pan-pot function. Can fly the sound back and forth and left and right. However, in the case of the SQ method, only the surroundings can be turned theoretically. In addition, there was a problem in the circuit around the pan-pot, it did not move smoothly and did not reach practical use.

 

The above printed circuit board was housed in a case. Its front, back, inside, circuit.

Test signal (noise)., Rotate 2 second intervals iFront,RightFront,Right,RightRear,Rear,LeftRear,Left,LeftFront,OverHeadj: RT.zip (1.1MB). (Note: In SQ the sounds over head can not be transmitted theoretically correctly)

The commentary of various matrix methods

@QS4ch method, an SQ4ch method, a QS6ch method, each encode / decode expression are as follows.

E      The encoding / decode calculating formula of the QS4ch method

 

L = 0.924 * LF + 0.383 * RF + 0.924 * LR * i + 0.383 * RR * i

R = 0.383 * LF + 0.924 * RF - 0.383 * LR * i - 0.924 * RR * i

 

LF =   L  + 0.414 * R

RF =   R  + 0.414 * L

LR =  (L  - 0.414 * R) * (-i)

RR =  (R  - 0.414 * L) * ( i)

 

Localization improvement method (Rear ch +-60degree phase shift)

LF =   L + 0.414 * R

RF =   R + 0.414 * L

LR = ( L – 0.414 * R ) * (0.5 - 0.866 * i )

RR = ( R – 0.414 * L ) * (0.5 + 0.866 * i )

 

EThe encode / decode calculating formula of the SQ4ch method

 

L = LF -0.707 * LR * i + 0.707 * RR

R = RF -0.707 * LR     + 0.707 * RR * i

 

LF =          L

RF =          R

LR =  0.707 * L * i - 0.707 * R

RR =  0.707 * L     - 0.707 * R * i

 

Symmetric improvement method

 

LF =        L

RF =        R

LR = -0.5 * L * ( 1 – i ) - 0.5 * R * ( 1 + i )

RR =  0.5 * L * ( 1 + i ) + 0.5 * R * ( 1 – i )

 

EThe encode / decode calculating formula of QS6ch methods ( Under review )

 

L = 0.924 * LF + 0.383 * RF + 0.924 * LR * i + 0.383 * RR * i + 0.65 * ( 1 + i ) * UP + 0.65 * ( 1 – i ) * DN

R = 0.383 * LF + 0.924 * RF - 0.383 * LR * i - 0.924 * RR * i + 0.65 * ( 1 – i ) * UP + 0.65 * ( 1 + i ) * DN

 

LF =          L     + 0.414 * R

RF =          R     + 0.414 * L

LR =        ( L     - 0.414 * R ) * (-i)

RR =        ( R     - 0.414 * L ) * ( i)

UP = -0.707 * L * i + 0.707 * R

DN =  0.707 * L     - 0.707 * R * i

 

Symmetric improvement method

 

LF =        L            + 0.414 * R

RF =        R            + 0.414 * L

LR =      ( L            - 0.414 * R ) * (-i)

RR =      ( R            - 0.414 * L ) * ( i)

UP =  0.5 * L * ( 1 – i ) + 0.5  * R * ( 1 + i )

DN =  0.5 * L * ( 1 + i ) + 0.5  * R * ( 1 – i )

 

  Others

list of software during the evaluation.

 

Supplement

Among the commercially available SQ decoder, those closest work with self-made machine I think (also a cross-talk cancellation system) Fosgate / Tate II 101a.

I obtained the SQ4ch decoder of wave matching logic method made by Sony. And I investigated.  Logic was as follows.  Mute the rear when the sound source is front.  Mute the front when the sound source is rear. As a result of hearing, because the sound source direction detection capability is slightly low, half of the SQ sound source could not be too much correctly decode. In addition, because of the way to mute the small volume side, (where compared to the self-made decoder,) the sound of small volume side is moved all the loud side, movement of localization was remarkable. However, in any case, SQ method is, therefore forced separation, stringed instrument like are difficult to separate, (Depending on the song), think like a method that some of the problem remains.

etc.

The problem of matrix system.