Traditional Japanese Fly Kabari 1
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Morimotobari 1 Morimotobari 2 Morimotobari 3 Morimotobari 4
Ryuoubari 1 Ryuoubari 2 Mitsubachitsuribari 1 Mitsubachitsuribari 2
Fujishobari 1 Fujishobari 2 Fujishobari 3 Fujishobari 4

Banshu Kabari (Fly)
These are Kebari for Hasu (Pale chub) or Haya (Japanese dace) that was called "Kagashira" or "Kabari". These are made and sold in Hyogo Prefecture (Banshu) now. Four in the upper are kebari of "Morimoto-bari" that doesn't exist now, and two in the middle left are kebari of "Ryuo-bari Honpo", two in the middle right are kebari of "Mitsubachi-tsuribari Nagao", and four in the lower are kebari of "Fujisho-bari Honpo". These kebari are roughly #20-12 in hook size of western style, and all have names and there are a lot of kinds. The Kindama (golden ball) on the head of Kabari looks like the heavy western style fly beads, but this is made to beads by kneading Urushi (Japanese lacquer) and red lead primer or polishing powder, and it is pasted gold leaf, so this does not have a weight that much.

The kebari appears to the book "Kyo suzume ato oi" published in 1678 for the first time as "Haegashira". "Haegashira" fishing was begun as fishing of Hasu (Pale chub) and Haya (Japanese dace) in Kyoto. (Standard Japanese name of Hasu is Oikawa, and it is called Yamabe in Kanto.) The specialized kebari for Ayu (Sweet fish) fishing were created and developed, because these kebari were also possible to fish the Ayu. These were called "Kagashira" and "Kabari" around the end of 1700s. In many han (domain) such as Akita Kubota Han, Yamagata Shonai Han, Ishikawa Kaga Han, Hyogo Banshu Himeji Han, Kochi Tosa Han, fishing was encouraged as one of the training of samurai's mind and body because the Edo Period became a peaceful age without the war, and the fishhook industry also was encouraged at the same time. Since these kebari were also possible to fish the Yamame or Amago, it seems that these were improved also as the kebari of Yamame or Amago on the other hand. There is an illustration of five kinds of Kabari in the book "Kawagari-Tebiki" published in 1834. One is a kebari that is larger than another that is called "Hachigashira" and there being much area in which Hasu, Haya and Ayu and Yamame or Amago lives together, it has the possibility that is a kebari for Yamame or Amago. It can be guessed so because they are written as "Yamame Kebari" in the old bag of larger kebari of Yamamo and Katsuoka. But I think that simultaneously with this kabari fishing "Urban Kebari Fishing", the kebari fishing "Mountain Village Kebari Fishing" of Yamame, Amago and Iwana had been done by the people and the fisherman in the mountain village in various places while applying their own improvement.

"Kabari-Nagashi" of the ukiyoe "Chie no umi (One Thousand Pictures of the Ocean)" by Katsushika Hokusai that was drawn the states of the various fishing, and was published around 1833. It is completely the same as "kagashira fishing" handed down in Kumamoto (Higo) that uses a bamboo rod of 190cm (6.3ft) or 270cm (8.9ft), a taper line of horse tail, a tippet, a Kebari, 2 droppers and a ukedamo with the net made from hemp. Then, It is written "Yamabe fishing in mountainous areas of Nishitama-gun Musashi-no-kuni (omission of a sentence) is done with three bee-shaped flies" in the section on "Yamabe fishing" of "Nihon suisan hosaishi (Japan fisheries capturing record)" issued in 1912. Yamabe is Yamame, Amago, and bee-shaped flies are Hachigashira which are a large size kabari. It can understand that "Nagashi tsuri" that has a number of kebari had been performed widely in Urban area and Mountain village area from old days (1600's) to the early 1900's. Moreover, with the exception of using three kebari, it is just like the present Tenkara fishing. (Some traditional kebari fishing has the kakebari (snag-hook) in addition to a kebari.) I imagine that the two kebari fishing are not unrelated and they have been influenced on each other in long history and have been handed down. After that, the environment of fishing place changed due to river development and development of railroads and road networks, and the fishing method to use one kebari become mainstream in the south from Northern Tohoku (Ohu) region. The present day "Nagashi tsuri" is a fishing method that uses 5-9 many droppers and a float.

References: Nagata, Kazunaga. Edojidai karano Tsuri (Fishing from Edo period). Tokyo, Shinnihon-shuppansha, 1987. Noma, Koshin. Shinshu Kyoto Sosho. Vol. 1. Kyoto, Rinsen Book Co., 1967. Oda, Jun. Edo Chojutsu Hiden (The Secret Fishing Techniques of Edo). Tokyo, Soubunsha, 2001. Oda, Jun. 'Kasenroku' o yomu (Reads 'Kasenroku'. Tokyo, Tsuribitosha, 1999. Takasaki, Takeo (ed.). Nihon Tsurigu Taizen (The Complete Japanese Fishing Tackle). Tokyo, Kasakura Publishing, 1981. Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce Fisheries Bureau (ed.). "Yamabe tsuri". Nihon suisan hosaishi (Japan fisheries capturing record). Suisansha, 1912, Reprint Ateneshobo, 1979. Traditional Crafts Banshu Kebari. Access 2008. Kaga Kebari Meboso Hachirobei Company. Access 2008. Illustration of five Kabari in Kawagari-Tebiki. National Diet Library Digitized Contents. Image of Chienoumi Kabari-Nagashi. Tokyo National Museum Web Archives.

Traditional Tenkara Kebari Pictures
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Okumikawa area 2 Kyoto area 2 Okushinano Akiyamago area 2

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